تعداد نشریات | 14 |

تعداد شمارهها | 106 |

تعداد مقالات | 881 |

تعداد مشاهده مقاله | 1,748,143 |

تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله | 1,516,365 |

## SCA based Fractional-order PID Controller Considering Delayed EV Aggregators | ||

Journal of Operation and Automation in Power Engineering | ||

مقاله 22، دوره 8، شماره 1، بهار 2020، صفحه 75-85
اصل مقاله (1.09 MB)
| ||

نوع مقاله: Research paper | ||

شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22098/joape.2019.6088.1460 | ||

نویسندگان | ||

F. Babaei ^{} ؛ A. Safari
| ||

^{}Department of Electrical Engineering, Shahid Madani Azarbaijan University, Tabriz, Iran | ||

چکیده | ||

The EVs battery has the ability to enhance the balance between the load demand and power generation units. The EV aggregators to manage the random behaviour of EV owners and increasing EVs participation in the ancillary services market are employed. The presence of aggregators could lead to time-varying delay in load frequency control (LFC) schemes. The effects of these delays must be considered in the LFC controller design. Due to the dependency of controller effectiveness on its parameters, these parameters should be designed in such a way that the LFC system has desired performance in the presence of time-varying delay. Therefore, a Sine Cosine Algorithm (SCA) is utilized to adjust the fractional-order PID (FOPID) controller coefficients. Also, some evaluations are performed about the proposed LFC performance by integral absolute error (IAE) indicator. Simulations are carried out in both single and two area LFC system containing EV aggregators with time-varying delay. According to results, the proposed controller has fewer frequency variations in contrast to other controllers presented in the case studies. The obtained output could be considered as a solution to evaluate the proposed controller performance for damping the frequency oscillations in the delayed LFC system. | ||

کلیدواژهها | ||

Electric vehicle aggregator؛ Time-varying delay؛ Fractional-order PID؛ Sine cosine algorithm؛ Load frequency control | ||

مراجع | ||

[1] L. Erickson, “Reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving air quality: Two global challenges”, [2] F. Salah, J. Ilg, C. Flath, H. Basse and C. Dinther, “Impact of electric vehicles on distribution substations: A Swiss case study”, [3] H. Rashidizadeh, H. Najafi, A. Moghaddam and J. Guerrero, “Optimal decision making framework of an electric vehicle aggregator in future and pool markets”, [4] K. Hedegaard, H. Ravn, N. Juul and P. Meibom, “Effects of electric vehicles on power systems in Northern Europe”, [5] H. Lund and W. Kempton, “Integration of renewable energy into the transport and electricity sectors through V2G”, [6] K. Tan, V. Ramachandaramurthy and J. Yong, “Integration of electric vehicles in smart grid: A review on vehicle to grid technologies and optimization techniques”, [7] M. Sarker, Y. Dvorkin and M. Vazquez, “Optimal participation of an electric vehicle aggregator in day-ahead energy and reserve markets”, [8] A. Akbarimajd, M. Olyaee, H. Shayeghi and B. Sobhani, “Distributed multi-agent load frequency control for a large-scale power system optimized by grey wolf optimizer, [9] S. Saxena, “Load frequency control strategy via fractional-order controller and reduced-order modeling”, [10] H. Jia, X. Li, Y. Mu, C. Xu, Y. Jiang, X. Yu, J. Wu and C. Dong, “Coordinated control for EV aggregators and power plants in frequency regulation considering time-varying delays”, [11] T. Pham and H. Trinh, “Load frequency control of power systems with electric vehicles and diverse transmission links using distributed functional observers”, [12] H. Liu, Z. Hu, Y. Song, J. Wang and X. Xie, “Vehicle-to-grid control for supplementary frequency regulation considering charging demands” [13] T. Masuta and A. Yokoyama, “Supplementary load frequency control by use of a number of both electric vehicles and heat pump water heaters”, [14] M. Gheisarnejad and M. Khooban, “Secondary load frequency control for multi-microgrids: HiL real-time simulation”, [15] H. Ali, G. Magdy, B. Li, G. Shabib, A. Elbaset, D. Xu and Y. Mitani, “A new frequency control strategy in an islanded microgrid using virtual inertia control-based coefficient diagram method”, [16] M. Khooban, T. Niknam, M. Shasadeghi, T. Dragicevic and F. Blaabjerg, “Load frequency control in microgrids based on a stochastic noninteger controller”, [17] A. Safari, F. Babaei and M. Farrokhifar, “A load frequency control using a PSO-based ANN for micro-grids in the presence of electric vehicles”, [18] T. Pham, S. Nahavandi, H. Trinh and K. Wong, “Static output feedback frequency stabilization of time-delay power systems with coordinated electric vehicles state of charge control”, [19] S. Debbarma and A. Dutta, “Utilizing electric vehicles for LFC in restructured power systems using fractional order controller”, [20] H. Fan, L. Jiang, C. Zhang and C. Mao, “Frequency regulation of multi-area power systems with plug-in electric vehicles considering communication delays”, [21] S. Debbarma and A. Dutta, “Utilizing electric vehicles for LFC in restructured power systems using fractional order controller”, [22] V. Çelik, M. Özdemir and G. Bayrak, “The effects on stability region of the fractional-order PI controller for one-area time-delayed load–frequency control systems”, [23] P. Ojaghi and M. Rahmani, “LMI-based robust predictive load frequency control for power systems with communication delays”, [24] K. Ko and D. Sung, “The effect of EV aggregators with time-varying delays on the stability of a load frequency control system," [25] S. Mirjalili, “SCA: a sine cosine algorithm for solving optimization problems”. [26] R. Khezri, A. Oshnoei, M. Tarafdar and S. Muyeen, “Coordination of heat pumps, electric vehicles and AGC for efficient LFC in a smart hybrid power system via SCA-based optimized FOPID controllers”, | ||

آمار تعداد مشاهده مقاله: 463 تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله: 574 |